The importance of IT security management cannot be underestimated in today’s perpetually connected world of evolving businesses. Today it is not only crucial to safeguard the physical hardware that belongs to enterprises, but to safeguard the integrity of the data and information that is present on the hardware as well. Without a good backup plan and IT security protocol, years of research and hard work can be lost or stolen within a few seconds.
They key to effective IT security policies is the people that manage the assets. Proper procedures must be created with these people in mind, as at the end of the day, it is the employees of an organization that handle the hardware and the software assets. With that in mind, the following procedures and policies must be defined and adhered to by industries of all sizes.
Effective IT Communication Policies
Ensuring that staff members understand the various compliance policies that are set in place and follow them faultlessly is always the management’s responsibility. To achieve this, proper training must be imparted from time to time and it should be ensured that this training is applied and remembered properly. Also, employees should not feel that the network security policies being implemented are too restrictive in nature. Nor should they feel that their time and effort is not being valued. If they do feel so, they will find ways around the security systems to reduce and simplify their workflow. For this reason, proper communication is vital.
Foolproof Password Implementation
Policies related to passwords should be set not just with security in mind, but also with employee usage in mind. If the policies require passwords to be changed too frequently, or if highly complex passwords are needed, cases of human error begin to rise. Something as simple as an employee writing down a password that is hard to remember on a piece of paper can be tough to manage. At the same time, lax password policies can be more detrimental. So a fine balance is required that keeps the organizations needs in mind first and foremost.
Restrictive Physical Access
Networks, computer systems and other IT products are as secure as the physical access that is granted to them. For this reason, it is important to define who gets access to what device or piece of hardware or network. No matter how advanced a security system may be, it can be easily overridden by someone who has insider knowledge about the same. Resultantly, it is imperative to know access limitations and to restrict access to systems and networks only to those who really need that access.
Limited Network Interactions
All enterprises must ensure that their networks are divided into private and public zones. For information and data that is highly confidential and cannot be shared with all, any physical connection with a public network should not exist. In case there are certain users that need simultaneous access to both private and public networks, then they should be disallowed from copying or transferring data to and fro from their machines. Proper channels of access and actions must be applied and followed for effective company security.